neelwriites/worldoffallacies/criticalreasoning/hastygenarilization/16/02/2018

HOW TO SHARPEN YOUR CRITICAL REASONING SKILLS

THE WORLD OF FALLACIES-

#01 Hasty Generalization

By Neel Anil Panicker

Valentine’s Day is one big marketing scam orchestrated by money chasing marketers.

Or, I know of a teenaged couple who was harassed last year during Valentine’s. I myself suffered the same. I believe Valentine’s Day should be renamed as Harassment Day because that’s what it has come down to.

Two different statements, two different situations, and unfortunately two flawed conclusions.

These two instances are classic cases of the kind of hasty generalizations we make.

And we make them almost every single hour of our lives. And we make them of people, of places, of things, even of emotions.

For instance, take my friend Amit Kumar. He believes all  South Indians are kind and well mannered people. Now how did he arrive at this. Well, my good friend, who incidentally hails from Bareilly, a small town in Uttar Pradesh secured admission into the premier NIT and was offered to take his four year engineering course in Kozhikode, a beautiful average sized Indian town in the Malabar belt of Kerala.

Now, despite not knowing one word of the local language Malayalam he says he had a great experience and received the love and friendship of the Malayalis, be they his classmates or local shopkeepers, auto drivers et al.

In fact so moved was he by the red carpet welcome and honour that was rolled out to  a rank outsider like him and having partaked of the generosity and benevolence of Keralites, my friend turned emotional while on his last day of college and stay there and grandly announced to the whole world and its daddy that “South Indians are the most kind hearted and cultured people in the entire world”.

Now, sentiments aside, I wondered whether what my good friend has said was true or had he said something in the thick of the moment, overwhelmed as he was by his beautiful experience.

It so dawned on me that he had said of Malayalis and South Indians was a flawed conclusion.

A conclusion that may or may not be correct in the absence of more, better, and concrete verifiable data.

As goes the idiom “One sparrow does not a summer make”.

In the world of logic, more specifically Inductive Reasoning we have a name for this kind of flaw.

It’s called the Fallacy of Hasty Generalization.

Let me define it for you.

It’s “making assumptions about a whole group or range of cases based on a sample that is inadequate (usually because it is atypical or too small).

Making assumptions that are inadequate. About whom? About a whole group or range of cases based on a sample.

Or, how well we go about making them. We meet someone from another group or region or place or religion or region and find him so and so… you can fill that with rude, dishonest, shy, aggressive, insincere, drunkard… and thence draw a conclusion that the class or category or region or religion that they belong to or hail from is also like them.

How very faulty and wrong of us to think so.

So, how do we overcome this and ensure that we don’t fall into such traps and pass sweeping judgements about things and people we are not fully aware of.

Simple, just ask yourself what kind of “sample” you’re using: Are you relying on the opinions or experiences of just a few people, or your own experience in just a few situations? If so, consider whether you need more evidence, or perhaps a less sweeping conclusion.

(2018neelanilpanicker) #CRITICALREASOING #ARGUMENTATIVE REASONING #CAT #GMAT #GRE #TESTPREP #STUDENTS #EXAMINATIONS

Advertisements

neelwrites/loveisintheasir/kite/threelinetales/100wordswednesday/fiction/shortstory/16/02/2018

SHORT STORY/FICTION

LOVE IS IN THE AIR

three line tales, week 107: diaries, roses and bobbins with sewing thread

 

By Neel Anil Panicker

All summer he was just a kite flyer, one more among several other ten year olds whose psychedelic kites soared the skies.

Until one day when the winds of change blew.

As his nimble hands expertly manoeuvred the thread, he looked to his left.

It was then that he saw her.

She was on the opposite terrace, reading a book.

She lifted her head and spotted him spotting her.

From that moment the controls switched.

She had taken over the steering wheel of his life, their lives, for the next sixty odd years.

Thereafter, it was roses all the way.

©neelanilpanicker2018 #fiction #flash #100words #kiteflyer

Three Line Tales, Week 107

Hosted by SONYA at https://only100words.xyz/2018/02/15/three-line-tales-week-107/

LINKS TO MY AMAZON BESTSELLER DEBUT NOVEL  “WHEN LIFE THROWS THOSE

CURVE BALLS”

 

 

LINKS TO MY AMAZON BESTSELLER DEBUT NOVEL  “WHEN LIFE THROWS THOSE

CURVE BALLS”

neelwrites/priyaprakash/poem/tanka/haiku/15/02/2018

Men have lost all wink

For women it doesn’t sink,

Oh Priya, what a wink!

Image result for priya varrier

(c)neelanilpanicker2018 #poem #haiku #malayalamsong 
http://english.mathrubhumi.com/…/Manikya%20Malaraya%20Poovi…

See saw goes eyebrows
Splits wide open male pupils,
unfolds crazy scenes.
Crushed hearts go twitter pitter
welcomes Insta star.

Image result for priya varrier

Who says eyes don’t talk
Priya’s does more than converse,
Grown men turn to verse.
The entire world is awash,
give way Ash, we have Prakash.

neelwrites/dimmedlights/fridayfictioneers/fiction/shortstry/100words/15/02/2018

SHORT STORY/FICTION

DIMMED LIGHTS

By Neel Anil Panicker

The incandescent purplish hue of the snake headed mercury vapour lamps formed concentric patterns on the sandy drive that led all the way to the twin duplex bungalows.

Beyond, loomed large, like a canopy, the majestic Cassia fistula, its crusty yellowish bark sprouting forth long stemmed branches that entwined all around the red bricked roofs__the flowers, sunflower yellow, the petals, half kissing the wide misty windows.

From the outhouse, eight year old Nisha soaked in the memories of a lifetime. Come morn, she would have to leave her birth place now that her father, the family gardener, was no more.

©neelanilpanicker2018 #fridayfictioneers #fiction #shortstory #100words

16 February 2018

neelwrites/poem/haiku/valentine/13/02/2018

Air’s windswept with love

Sea of hearts floats all over

Dive in and enjoy.

***

Hearts go wild

emotions collide

love turns blind.

***

Heart”s on a flutter

She awaits her Valentine,

Hopeful of his ring.

***

Lonely heart

craves for love’s embrace

shower grace.

vaal***

(c)neelanilpanicker2018 #poem #haiku #love #valentine

LINKS TO MY AMAZON BESTSELLER DEBUT NOVEL  “WHEN LIFE THROWS THOSE

CURVE BALLS”